Ananda Mohan Bose


One of the most illustrious sons of India, Ananda Mohan Bose was born in Jaisiddhi, a remote village in the Mymansingh district of the undivided Bengal (now in Bangladesh) on 23rd September 1847. Educated in Hardinge School and then in Maymansingh Zilla School, Ananda Mohan stood ninth in the Matriculation Examination when he was only 15. He not only stood first both at BA and MA examinations, but he was also awarded the prestigious Roychand Scholarship.

Ananda Mohan sailed to England and completed higher studies in the Christ Church College, Cambridge. He took Mathematics as his principal subject and Greek and Latin as subsidiary subjects. He also earned the distinction of being the first Indian Wrangler. Simultaneously, he studied Law and was duly called to the Bar.

On his return to India, Ananda Mohan started his career as a Lawyer in the Calcutta High Court and won distinction in his career. He also took active interest in the social and political life of Bengal with much zeal and enthusiasm. One of the founders of the Indian Association, Ananda Mohan was also elected the President of the Indian National Congress in its session in 1878.

Ananda Mohan was the first President of the Sadharan Bramho Samaj established in 1878. Along with Pandit Sivnath Sastri, another luminary of Bengal, he founded the educational institutions of the Sadharan Bramho Samaj which are now part of the Bramho Samaj Education Society (BSES). It should be recalled that the first institution among them, the City School, and later the City College, was established through the money advanced by him.

Ananda Mohan was called ‘Saint Bose’ by his friends and admirers for his truthfulness and nobility of character. Sister Nivedita called him ‘a forerunner of a new Knighthood of Civil Order’. He combined in his life what is best in a man— personal integrity and public commitment, true to the spirits of the great Bengal Renaissance.